The name of the organization shall be the SOUTH AFRICAN HINDU MAHA SABHA (SAHMS) (hereinafter referred to as the MAHA SABHA).

The area of operation of the Maha Sabha shall be Southern Africa

The Headquarters of the Maha Sabha is situated at Lornegrey Building, cnr Ismail C.Meer (Lorne) and Dr Yusuf Dadoo (Grey) Streets, Durban, KZN. A change in headquarters can only be effected at the Biennial General Meeting.

The Maha Sabha is and shall be a separate legal entity and body corporate, with a capacity to acquire rights and obligations and having perpetual succession. All actions or suits proceeding at law, or any arbitration or mediation, shall be brought by or against the Maha Sabha in the name of the Maha Sabha, and the Executive Committee may authorize any person or persons to act on behalf of the Maha Sabha and to sign all such documents and to take all steps as may be necessary in connection with such proceedings.

5.1 REGISTRATION AS A NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION (NPO): The Maha Sabha shall be registered with the National Department of Social Development as a Non-Profit Organization in terms of the Non-Profit Organizations Act 71 of 1997.

5.2 REGISTRATION AS A PUBLIC BENEFIT ORGANIZATION (PBO): The Maha Sabha shall be registered as a Public Benefit Organization in terms of Section 30 of the Income Tax Act No.58 of 1962 as amended.

The South African Hindu Maha Sabha will promote Hindu Dharma through observing the best principles of Hindu religion, philosophy, ethics, values and culture according to the highest tenets of Hindu teachings.

7.1 It is the mission of the SA Hindu Maha Sabha to work towards the advancement of all members of the Hindu faith among all Hindu linguistic groups in a spirit of respect, unity and brotherhood.

7.2 The Maha Sabha will, in all its undertakings, consistently safeguard the image and dignity of the Organization and that of all its Constituents through the development of knowledge of the Dharma, and through effective policies, procedures and roles.

7.3 An underlying mission of the Maha Sabha is to contribute to good relations between Hindus and all other communities or sectors on local, national and international levels towards sound nation building, based on the fundamental principle of Vasudaivam Kutumbakam.

7.4 The values on which the Maha Sabha bases its activities are selfless service, accountability, respect, fairness, continuous improvement and unity.

The Objects of the Maha Sabha are:

8.1 to co-ordinate and promote the religious, social, spiritual, cultural, moral and educational advancement of the Hindu community in the Republic of South Africa and abroad;

8.2 to encourage the study of Hindu philosophy, religion, literature, arts and science;

8.3 to co-operate with other Hindu organizations in carrying out the objects which are of mutual advantage;

8.4 to co-operate with other organizations in promoting the interests of the Hindu faith in the country and abroad;

8.5 to encourage members of other professions and disciplines to serve the Maha Sabha in a voluntary capacity;

8.6 to enlist the co-operation of manufacturers and companies for the investigation, analysis and certification of ingredients and foods for ritual consumption purposes, specifically acceptable for use by people belonging to the Hindu faith;

8.7 to raise funds to promote the aims and objectives of the Maha Sabha;

8.8 to encourage the study of vernacular languages;

8.9 to promote and encourage efforts made by Hindu bodies to establish facilities of an educational nature for the advancement of the Hindu Dharma in South Africa;

8.10 to organize conventions, lectures, workshops, seminars, symposia and conferences to further the objects of the Maha Sabha;

8.11 to attend to all such matters as may be necessary or expedient to further the interests of the Maha Sabha.

9.1 Any Hindu organization with similar objects as the Maha Sabha may apply for membership.

9.2 The annual subscription payable by the members shall be determined by the Executive of the Maha Sabha and ratified by the Council each year.

9.3 The Maha Sabha shall maintain a membership register at its Headquarters.

9.4 No right or privilege of membership shall in any way be transferable and all such rights and privilege shall terminate upon the cessation of membership whether by death, resignation or otherwise.

9.5 Individuals who wish to accept nomination at an election of the Council must be a bonafide member of an affiliate of the Maha Sabha.

9.6 A member shall not be eligible for nomination and election as an Office Bearer unless such member has been a serving member of the Executive Committee for a minimum period of five (5) years.

10.1 The Maha Sabha, as constituted, shall be governed by a Council.

10.2 The Maha Sabha shall establish Provincial Branches which shall be subject to the provisions of the constitution of the Maha Sabha.

10.3 The Provincial Branches shall operate with their own constitutions which shall be subject to the provisions of the SAHMS Constitution

10.4 The President of each Provincial Branch shall be a Vice-President of the Maha Sabha.

10.5 The Council of the Maha Sabha shall be elected biennially (at every alternate annual general meeting) and shall comprise:

10.5.1 The Office Bearers made up as follows:

10.5.1.1 The President

10.5.1.2 One elected Deputy President and a Vice-President from each of the Provincial Branches.

10.5.1.3 Two Secretaries

10.5.1.4 Two Treasurers

10.5.1.5 A Public Relations Officer

10.5.2. Ten elected Executive Committee members

10.5.3 Two delegates representing each organization

10.6 THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE:

10.6.1 The Executive Committee shall be made up of:

10.6.1.1 Office Bearers of the Maha Sabha

10.6.1.2 Ten elected members

10.6.2 The Executive shall be accountable to the Council.

10.6.3 The Executive Committee shall have powers to carry out such work as may be entrusted to it by the Council, and shall be responsible for any matter of an urgent nature

that would ordinarily be dealt with by the Council.

10.6.4 The Executive Committee shall meet at least 4 times a year

10.7 FINANCE COMMITTEE:

10.7.1 There shall be a Finance Committee appointed by the Council from among members of the Council.

10.7.2 The Council may also co-opt advisory members to serve on the Finance Committee.

10.7.3 Vacancies occurring in the Finance Committee shall be filled by the Council as it deems it necessary.

10.7.4 The Finance Committee shall operate strictly in accordance with any terms of reference defined by the Council and in keeping with provisions embodied in Clause 14 under Finance and Accounts in this Constitution.

10.7.5 The Finance Committee shall meet at least once a month.

10.7.6 The Treasurers shall carry out their roles and functions in close consultation with the Finance Committee.

10.8 MANAGEMENT ACTION COMMITTEE

The SAHMS shall appoint a MANAGEMENT ACTION COMMITTEE (MAC) to deal

with the day to day Administrative and Operational matters of the Sabha.

The MAC shall not resolve any decisions concerning policy.

The MAC shall consist of Members of the Executive and shall from time to time seek the

assistance of non Executive members.

The MAC shall present its weekly, fortnightly meeting Minutes to the President and

shall be subject to the authority of the Executive Committee.

10.9 The Sabha shall establish an entity called HINDUS UNITED /108 Project which shall promote the aims and objectives of the SAHMS .

The Project shall be governed by a COUNCIL OF ELDERS who shall be appointed by the SAHMS Council on the recommendation of the Executive Committee

The Council of Elders shall comprise not more than 9 members (including the President and Treasurer of the SAHMS) and not less than seven members and the quorum shall be five. The tenure of office of the members of the Council of Elders shall be 2 years but shall be eligible for reappointment.

The Council shall meet at least 4 times a year but shall meet otherwise as and when necessary.

The Council shall operate a separate bank account with three signatories being nominated by the Council, but which shall include the Treasurer and President of the SAHMS and one other Council member.

The Council of Elders shall determine how the funds are distributed from time to time in accordance with the aims and objectives of the SAHMS.

One of the secretaries of the SAHMS may serve as a recording secretary without a vote

The Council shall:

11.1 manage and control all business and affairs of the Maha Sabha and may delegate certain matters and decisions thereon to the Executive Committee;

11.2 have custody and control of all the movable assets including the cash of the Maha Sabha, but all immovable property of the Maha Sabha shall be registered or held in the name of the organization;

11.3 collect the revenue and control the expenditure of the Maha Sabha;

11.4 open and close banking accounts in the name of the Maha Sabha;

11.5 borrow money with or without security for the purpose of the Maha Sabha on such terms as they may think fit, and save as herein otherwise provided, pledge, mortgage and charge the movable and immovable assets of the Maha Sabha as security thereof;

11.6 invest the funds of the Maha Sabha in property, mortgages, debentures, government and municipal securities, building societies and bonds or other instruments of investment;

11.7 let or lease any property or properties belonging to the Maha Sabha, eject tenants, to call in, recover, collect and, if necessary, sue for all loans or other monies including rents and the like belonging to the Maha Sabha at any time whether invested by it or otherwise, and to foreclose bonds and if necessary, to buy securities;

11.8 purchase, sell, exchange, take on lease, hire out or dispose of movable and immovable property or assets therein, and improve and develop any property of the Maha Sabha in such manner as it may deem fit;

11.9 collect funds on behalf of the Maha Sabha, either by way of direct appeal or by organizing functions to produce revenue for the Maha Sabha, or in any other manner;

11.10 fill any vacancy occurring in the Council except those representing affiliated institutions.

11.11 No member of the Council shall have a direct or indirect interest or benefit from any contract concluded by the Council with any individual or company;

11.12 The Council may from time to time appoint Special Committees consisting of one or more members of its body, or any other person or persons, as it may deem fit, and may delegate any of its powers to such special committees and discharge any such committee wholly or in part on completion of its work. Any special committee so formed shall in the exercise of powers delegated to it, conform to all regulations and instructions which may from time to time be imposed on or given to it by the Council. Decisions of the committees shall be submitted to the Council for approval;

11.13 The Council shall also:

11.13.1 engage all officials and staff members as it considers necessary, regulate their duties, fix their salaries and terminate their employment;

11.13.2 draft, pass, amend and give effect to regulations/terms of reference not inconsistent with the provisions of this constitution and in keeping with any statutory or other prescribed requirements for:

The proper management; conduct and control of its affairs, undertakings, and institutions.

The proper conduct of its meetings.

The proper functioning of its committees and/or sub-committees.

12.1 PRESIDENT: The President shall preside at all meetings of the South African Hindu Maha Sabha.

12.2 VICE- PRESIDENTS: In the absence of the President or at his or her request, the Deputy President shall exercise the powers and carry out the duties of the President. In the absence of both a chairman shall be elected from amongst the Vice-Presidents present or failing them, from members present.

12.3 SECRETARIES: The Secretaries shall:-

12.3.1 attend all meetings of the Maha Sabha and if necessary, the meetings of Committees;

12.3.2 keep minutes and records and conduct all correspondence.

12.3.3 act as custodians of all books and documents of the Maha Sabha.

12.3.4 discharge all duties that pertain to the office of the Secretaries.

12.4 TREASURERS: The Treasurers shall:-

12.4.1 receive monies and disburse same for and on behalf of the Maha Sabha;

12.4.2 be empowered to pay any debt of the Maha Sabha but they shall at the first meeting of the Council and/or the Executive Committee thereafter, submit such payments for ratification;

12.4.3 keep and maintain proper books of accounts reflecting the financial transactions of the Maha Sabha;

12.4.4 prepare and submit to the Council, duly audited accounts referred to in clauses

14.4 and 14.5 for submission thereafter to the Biennial General Meeting of the Maha Sabha.

12.5 Chief Operating Officer

12.5.1 The Office Bearers shall appoint a Chief Operating Officer (COO) who shall be a paid personnel.

13.1 The election of Trustees shall take place once every four years at General Meetings of the Maha Sabha.

13.2 Seven (7) Trustees shall be elected at the Biennial or Special General Meeting and shall hold office until the next election of the trustees but be eligible for re-election.

13.3 The trustees shall hold office until their successors are appointed.

13.4 Trustees shall hold the immovable properties of the Maha Sabha in trust and shall be obliged to carry out any decision of the Council.

13.5 Immovable properties belonging to the Maha Sabha shall be registered in the name of the Maha Sabha by the Trustees.

13.6 Mortgage bond in favour of the Maha Sabha shall likewise be registered in the name of the Maha Sabha.

13.7 At least four (4) trustees shall sign all documents necessary to pass or receive, and to transfer any power of attorney to mortgage.

14.1 All monies received by the Maha Sabha shall within a fortnight be deposited into the banking account of the Maha Sabha. All payments by the Maha Sabha shall be made by cheques or Electronic Fund Transfer (EFT). All cheques or other negotiable instruments shall be signed by the President and any two (2) of the two (2) Secretaries and/or two (2) Treasurers.

14.2 The books of accounts shall be kept in the office of the Maha Sabha or at such other place as the Council shall prescribe, and shall be in charge of the Treasurers or other persons duly authorized by the Council, and shall be open to inspection by any member of the Maha Sabha on the last week prior to the date of the Biennial General Meeting. Arrangements for such inspection shall be made with the Treasurers.

14.3 The Treasurers shall keep such books of account and shall reflect a correct state of all financial transactions of the Maha Sabha.

14.4 All accounts shall be audited at the end of every financial year and the Annual Balance Sheet shall be presented by the Treasurers to the Council for its consideration. The financial year shall begin on 1st April and end on 31st March the following year.

14.5 At the Biennial General Meeting the Council shall present duly audited Income and Expenditure Statements for the two year period ended 31st March of that year and a Balance Sheet as at that date.

14.6 Should the services of a fund-raiser be employed for the collection of funds, the expenses (remuneration and/or commission included) may not exceed 40% of the total proceeds of the collection.

14.7 Funds available for investment may be invested only with registered financial institutions as defined in Section 1 of the Financial Institutions (Investments of Funds) Act 984 or in acquisition of securities listed on a licensed stock exchange as defined in the Stock Exchange Control Act 1985.

An auditor who is a Chartered Accountant shall be elected at the Biennial General Meeting to audit the books and accounts of the Maha Sabha.

16.1 The Maha Sabha shall keep an inventory of all its assets.

16.2 Any property or income of the Maha Sabha shall be utilized solely in the furtherance of its aims and objects.

16.3 The Maha Sabha shall be prohibited from transferring or giving any portion of its money or property, directly or indirectly, in any manner whatsoever so as to profit any of its members, office bearers or any person, other than by way of payment in good faith, of reasonable remunerations to any officer or employee of the Maha Sabha for any services actually rendered.

Any immovable property of the Maha Sabha shall not be sold, mortgaged or in any way alienated unless such sale, mortgage or alienation shall be authorized by a resolution passed by a two-thirds majority of members present at a Special General Meeting convened for that purpose.

18.1 A Biennial General Meeting shall be held once every two (2) years during the month of June and not later than September at such a venue as may be determined by the Council.

18.1.1Notice of the Biennial General Meeting shall be given by circulars either posted or telefaxed and through the medium of the press at least fourteen (14) days prior to the meeting.

18.1.2The business of the Biennial General Meeting shall be to:

. Consider the Accounts and Balance Sheets of the Maha Sabha, and the report of the Auditors;

. Receive and adopt the report of the Council and of the sub-regional committees;

. Elect the Council, the Auditor and the Trustees, if any, and

. Transact any other competent business.

18.1.3. Any member desiring to move a resolution at the Biennial General Meeting shall submit the same in writing to the Secretaries at least twenty-one (21) days before the date set for the meeting.

SPECIAL GENERAL MEETING:

18.2 Special General Meetings may at any time be convened at the discretion of the Council of the Maha Sabha.

18.2.1 Notice of the Special General Meeting shall be given by circulars either posted or telefaxed. The Council may if it so desires, publish the notice in the local press.

18.2.2 The President may, if so directed by the meeting, adjourn the meeting from time to time and place to place, but no business shall be transacted at any adjourned meeting other than the business left unfinished at the meeting so adjourned.

18.2.3 At any General Meeting, a resolution put to vote shall be decided by a show of hands unless a ballot is demanded by the majority of those present. The Chairman shall declare that a resolution on a show of hands or a ballot has been passed. If a ballot is demanded, it shall be conducted in such a manner as the Chairman of the meeting shall direct, and all votes shall be counted in accordance with such direction.

COUNCIL MEETING:

18.3 Meetings of the Council:

18.3.1 The Council shall meet at least once every three months.

18.3.2 Seven (7) days written notice shall be given of any meeting and shall specify the business to be transacted at such a meeting.

19.1 A special meeting of the Council shall be convened by the Secretaries upon receipt of a requisition signed by not less than fifteen (15) members of the Council stating the reasons(s) for the meeting.

19.2 Such meeting shall be convened within ten (10) days of the receipt of the requisition.

19.3 Failing compliance by the Secretaries, the requisitioners themselves may convene such a meeting by giving the prescribed ten (10) days written notice and setting out the business to be transacted at such meeting.

19.4 No other business shall be transacted at a requisitioned meeting except that for which such meeting was specifically called.

20.1 The quorum at any General, Special General or Biennial General Meeting shall be thirty (30) members.

20.2 The quorum for any meeting of the Council shall be twelve (12) members.

20.3 At any Executive Committee meeting 50% of members plus one member shall form the quorum.

21.1 Each member shall be entitled to one (1) vote.

21.2 The Chairman shall have a casting vote.

22.1 A member may terminate his or her membership of the Maha Sabha by giving written notice of his or her intention to do so and such notice shall take effect from the date of acceptance thereof by the Council.

22.2 Before such resignation is accepted the member shall be required to hand over all official documents, properties and monies, etc, in his or her possession, to the Maha Sabha.

It is recorded that it is the intention that the South African Hindu Maha Sabha should qualify as a Public Benefit Organisation in terms of Section 30 of the Income Tax Act (the “Act”). As such, the Executive Committee shall use their best endeavours to ensure that the SAHMS is conducted in accordance with the applicable requirements of the Act and of the Commissioner, and, in particular, the Executive Committee shall:

23.1 as soon as reasonably practicable the Maha Sabha must apply to the Commissioner, in terms of Section 30 of the Act, for exemption from income tax in terms of Section 10(1) (cN) of the Act;

23.2 comply with such conditions as the Minister may prescribe by way of regulation to ensure that activities and resources of the Maha Sabha are directed solely in the furtherance of its object;

23.3 not donate any of the Maha Sabha’s funds to any beneficiaries other than a qualifying beneficiary as contemplated herein;

23.4 not directly or indirectly distribute any of the Maha Sabha funds to any person (otherwise than in the course of undertaking any public benefit activity) and shall utilise the Maha Sabha’s funds solely for the objects of the Maha Sabha; provided that the provisions of this 6.4 shall not prohibit the Maha Sabha from retaining any investment (other than any investment in the form of a business undertaking or trading activity or asset which is used in such business undertaking or trading activity) in the form that it was acquired by way of donation, bequest or inheritance;

23.5 on dissolution, procure that the Maha Sabha shall transfer its assets to:

23.5.1 any similar Public Benefit Organisation which has been approved in terms of Section 30 of the Act; or

23.5.2 any institution, board or body which is exempt from tax under the provisions of section 10(1)(cA)(i) of the Act, which has as its sole or principle object the carrying on of any public benefit activity; or

23.5.3 any department of state or administration in the national or provincial or local sphere of government of the Republic, as contemplated in section 10(1)(a) or (b) of the Act;

23.6 procure that the Maha Sabha shall not carry on any business undertaking or trading activity unless specifically permitted in terms of the Act;

23.7 not accept any donation which is revocable at the instance of the donor thereof for reasons other than a material failure to conform, to the designated purposes and conditions of such donation, including any misrepresentation with regard to the tax deductibility thereof in terms of Section 18A of the Act; provided that a donor (other than a donor which is an approved public benefit organisation or institution, or body, which is exempt from tax in terms of section 10(1)(cA)(i), which has as its sole or principal object the carrying on of any public benefit activity) may not impose any conditions which could enable such donor or any connected person in relation to such donor to derive some direct or indirect benefit from the application of such donation;

23.8 submit to the Commissioner a copy of any amendment, from time to time, to this Constitution of the Maha Sabha ;

23.9 not knowingly allow the Maha Sabha to be used as a part of any transaction, operation or scheme of which the sole or main purpose is or was the reduction, postponement or avoidance of liability for any tax, duty or levy which, but for such transaction, operation or scheme would have been or would have become payable by any person under the Act or any other similar legislation administered by the Commissioner;

23.10 not pay any remuneration to any employee, office bearer or other person which is excessive, having regard to what is generally considered reasonable in this sector and in relation to the service rendered;

23.11 comply with such reporting requirements as may be determined, from time to time, by the Commissioner;

23.12 use their best endeavours to register the Maha Sabha in terms of Section

13(5) of the Non-Profit Organisations Act, No. 71 of 1997 and to comply

with any other Requirements imposed by the act ;

23.13 take reasonable steps to ensure that funds donated to qualifying beneficiaries are utilised for the purpose for which it has been provided;

23.14 not grant loans to any employee, office bearer or other person from the Maha Sabha’s funds.

24.1 Any vacancy owing to death, resignation or otherwise of any office-bearers, or any member of the council and the Executive Committee shall be filled by the Council.

24.2 Any vacancy occurring in the office of the Trustees shall be filled at the next Biennial or Special General Meeting of the Maha Sabha.

24.3 The office of any member shall be vacated if:

24.3.1 he/she becomes insolvent by order of any competent court;

24.3.2 he/she be found of unsound mind or be declared incapable of arranging or managing his/her own affairs;

24.3.3 he/she resigns his/her office by notice in writing to the Council;

24.3.4 he/she is convicted of theft, forgery, falsity, extortion, misappropriation of funds or any punishable or antisocial crime;

24.3.5 he/she leaves the Republic of South Africa permanently.

This constitution shall not in any way be rescinded, altered or added to except by a resolution passed by two-thirds majority of members present at a Biennial General Meeting or a Special General Meeting of which at least twenty-one (21) days notice shall be specially given, which notice shall state the intention to deal with, and specify the nature of the rescission, alteration or amendment. All amendments must be approved by the Director of Non-Profit Organizations.

In the event of any difference of opinion, dispute or question arising as to the interpretation of this constitution or any rules framed by the Council, the Council shall determine such differences, disputes or questions.

27.1 The organization may be dissolved if at least two-thirds of the members present, and voting at a Special General meeting of members convened for the purpose of considering such matter, are in favour of dissolution.

27.2 Not less than thirty (30) days notice shall be given of such a meeting and the notice convening the meeting shall clearly state that the question of dissolution of the organization and disposal of its assets will be considered.

27.3 If there is no quorum at such a General Meeting, the meeting shall stand adjourned for not less than one (1) week and the members attending such a meeting shall constitute a quorum.

Immediately following the decision to dissolve the South African Hindu Maha Sabha , and subject to statutory requirements, the disposal of the Maha Sabha’s remaining assets after all its liabilities have been met, shall be transferred to another non-profit organization having similar objectives and which shall be selected by the Special General Meeting.

THIS CONSTITUTION WAS ADOPTED AT A SPECIAL GENERAL MEETING OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN HINDU MAHA SABHA THAT WAS HELD ON 12 SEPTEMBER 2010 AND AMENDED AT A BIENNIAL GENERAL MEETING OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN HINDU MAHA SABHA HELD ON 9 SEPTEMBER 2012 AND AMENDED AGAIN AT AN ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING HELD ON 9 SEPTEMBER 2013.